Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases



Malaria, together with HIV/AIDS and TB, is one of the major public health challenges undermining development in the poorest countries in the world. Malaria kills an African child every 30 seconds. Many children who survive an episode of severe malaria may suffer from learning impairments or brain damage. Pregnant women and their unborn children are also particularly vulnerable to malaria, which is a major cause of perinatal mortality, low birth weight and maternal anaemia.


What are the Targets?

Goal 6 of the Millennium Development Goals sets out by the year 2015 to:

  • Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS.
  • Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.

Did you know?

Did you know that in our world today:

  • AIDS experts estimate that it will cost more than $10.5 billion a year to fight AIDS globally – that price tag will escalate to more than $15 billion a year by 2007. Wealthy countries currently spend less than $4 billion on global AIDS.(Source:UNAIDS)
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, there are currently 4.1 million people with AIDS who are in immediate need of life-saving anti-retroviral drugs. At the end of last year, only an estimated 50,000 of these people were able to take these drugs. (Source:WTO)
  • In Zambia, 12% of the children have been orphaned by HIV/AIDS. (Source: ChristianAid)
  • Every day in Africa, 6,500 people die and another 9,500 contract the HIV virus – 1,400 of whom are newborn babies infected during childbirth or by their mothers’ milk. (Source:UNAIDS)
  • Currently more than 11 million children in Africa have lost at least one parent to HIV/AIDS; that number is expected to reach 20 million by 2010.(Source:UNAIDS/UNICEF)
  • 5 people die from AIDS every minute. (Source:Red Nose Day)
  • Almost 3 million children are living with AIDS and 4 million have died of AIDS since the epidemic began. (Source:UNAIDS)
  • There are 42 million people living with HIV and AIDS worldwide. It is a global emergency claiming approximately 8,000 lives every day in some of the poorest countries. (Source:Oxfam)
  • 1 in every 100 people worldwide is HIV positive: One third of them are aged 15-24.(Source:ActionAid UK)
  • 30 million people in Africa have HIV – this is 70% of global infections.(Source:UNAIDS)
  • Approximately 40% of the world’s population-mostly those living in the world’s poorest countries-is at risk of contracting malaria.
  • Malaria causes more than 300 million acute illnesses and at least one million deaths annually.
  • An estimated two million deaths resulted from tuberculosis in 2002.
  • Someone in the world is newly infected with tuberculosis bacilli every second.


Reports website and other documents related to Goal 6

Health and the Millennium Development Goals – WHO issued its first assessment of progress towards the health goals, targets and indicators. To read more visit the WHO website.

The World Malaria Report 2005 – UNICEF and WHO – The World Malaria Report 2005 is the first comprehensive effort by the Roll Back Malaria Partnership to take stock of where the world stands in relation to one of its most devastating diseases. It reveals that the tide may be beginning to turn against malaria as control and prevention programmes start to take effect. Download the report here

MDGs for Health in Europe and Central Asia: Relevance and Policy Implications – This study aims to contribute to the debate about the appropriateness of health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for the countries of the Europe and Central Asia region. To learn more visit the World Bank website.

State of World Population 2003—Investing in Adolescents’ Health and Rights – This report by UNFPA examines the challenges and risks faced by youth that impact directly on their physical, emotional and mental well-being, including the prospects of early marriage and childbearing, incomplete education, and the threat of HIV/AIDS. Visit the UNFPA website to read the report.